Basics of Google Search Engine algorithm work
Google Search Engine Algorithm is a combination and series of multiple processes and sets of rules used to solve specific information. These processes and rules are step-by-step procedures used to find the desired data among the data collected.
Many algorithms can accord and affect each other. Every time you search, there are more than thousands and millions, of Webpages with lots of information. Recently, we wrote an article on Google Search Engine algorithm December 2020 update.
Google figures out the results to show, even long before you type. They are guided by an assurance to you to provide the best information.
“Google search Engine algorithm deals with the search queries, which make the relevant content available that satisfies the user’s needs of information”
Overview of Google Search Engine Algorithm:
Analyzing and organizing the content of the webpage:
Content should be visible to search engines. When you have a large amount of content you need a shortcut way to that content.
Google cannot have a giant database containing all the pages, which they sort through every time a query is entered. It would be too slow to do. To avoid that, they create an index that fundamentally shortcuts this process.
Search engines use some technology like Hadoop for managing and searching large amounts of data very quickly. Searching the index is a quicker way than searching the entire database.
“Website visitors will never be the same. You might even have different target groups with different levels. People prefer different ways of content presentation, such as ocular, acoustic, or interactive”
Matching your search:
Within seconds, Google will start sorting more than billions of WebPages in our Search index and finds the most relevant that matches as possible.
The process of indexing is the initial test for determining what should appear in the results. When the user searches for something; they just want to get the most relevant results.
Consider if the domain is found to be relevant to the search, then this is going to enhance the relevancy score of the individual page is scored.
Presenting results in useful ways:
Before you see your results, the information is intended and sorted by relevance. Simply when the keywords are entered, your search engine matches the keywords on a website.
Algorithms work for a specific reason. In this case, the Google search engine produces the results according to the user’s needs.
For an instance:
- The Panda algorithm was designed to examine the content.
- The Penguin algorithm evaluates links.
Each algorithm is different in playing its role, but they work together to influence rankings. Remember, algorithms compute content, URLs, external and internal links, images, and so on.
Google provides quick results in many useful formats. Whether accessible as a map with directions, images, or videos; they are endlessly evolving with new ways to present useful information.
Improving your experience:
Google Search will always be quick and good. That’s why Google engineers spending their days testing, conducting thousands of experiments that result in thousands of improvements every year.
Here are some tips and tricks to improve your Google Search experience:
- Include and exclude keywords (adding a plus symbol (+) or a minus symbol (-) in front of words you would like Google to include or exclude in the search results)
- Use Google to locate files (just type in “filetype:”)
- Search by time (fill in an exact period)
- Do a website search (add “site: URL” to the end of your search query)
- Advance your search (refine your searches, such as by region or language)
Google Search Engine Algorithm work through three main principles:
The search engine uses a crawler to scan the entire website or post by URL related to the search query.
Chooses a certain amount of relevant post or content and store in the database
The pages which are indexed will be ranked one by one another by relevancy.
Key factors of Google Search Engine Algorithm:
Meaning of your query:
There are different categories of search queries, with different intentions.
“A search query is a term or keyword combination that users enter in search engines to find things of interest”
- Informational Searches
People who are looking for general information will perform these searches. They are usually looking for guides on how to do something.
“Search for Information Needs are Almost Always Incomplete”
- Navigational Searches
People who are looking to find a particular web page related to a particular brand or product comes under navigational searches.
- Transactional Searches
The searches related to the intention of making a purchase are referred to as transactional search query, which includes keywords like “order”, “buy” or “purchase”.
Search algorithms are trying to understand what category of information you are looking for;
- Whether it is a Specific search or a broad query?
- a query is written in other languages,
- query on Local businesses, etc,
One of the important elements of this query categorization is to analyze, whether the query is seeking new or trending content. it almost took many years to develop and improve search results in over 30% of queries across languages.
Relevance of webpages
Google’s search algorithms first analyze the content of webpages to assess whether the page contains information that relevant to what the user searching for.
The relevance of the webpage includes some factors like visible content, images, or videos. it can also be generated through other elements like title, meta description, and alt tags.
“Relevancy is about contrasting options that allows to makes decisions”
Criteria for determining Content Relevance:
Search metrics analyses Content Relevance with Content Score and ranking factors. The following are some criteria for determining Content Relevance:
- Content language
- Body text
- Page title
- Images and graphics
- Local aspect
When the relevance score is high, the more relevant content of the analyzed landing page can be considered for the related search query.
Quality of content
“Content concerns with the output, and not input! “
Marketers evaluate content “quality” with some qualities like Length, Visual appeal, Spelling and grammar, Formatting, Readability, Expertise, authoritativeness, and trustworthiness, Overall “value”, etc.
These traits also play an important role, but don’t define quality content. It can be defined with the following qualities:
- Defined by Data
- Achieves Marketing Objectives
- Ranks Well in Google
- Has Remarkable CTR
- Social Media Engagement
- higher conversion rates
- Does Well on Every Channel
E-A-T came from an important Google document known as “the Google Search Quality Evaluator Guidelines”, which provides an idea of what is considered to be a high (prominent site) or low-quality website, from Google’s perspective.
Make sure to provide satisfactory information to the user. The site should reflect E-A-T: Expertise, Authoritativeness, and Trustworthiness, to assess the quality of Google’s search results.
Usability of webpages
Usability of a web page has become an article of trade.
“A Good usability must be available, clear, credible, learnable, and relevant to the user who uses it; it cannot be achieved overnight”
5 key factors of good website usability:
- Accessibility (Server uptime, Broken links, Mobile responsiveness)
- Clarity (Simplicity, Familiarity, Consistency, Guidance, feedback, information architecture)
Context and settings
Google’s search algorithms must consider information such as location, past search history, language, custom settings, and inbuilt personalization attributes that help the user to mold their results as useful and relevant.
Context defines the structure and behavior of your search engine. If you do search from your location, Google will show you results about that specified area.
Consider you are in Chennai, whereas you search for a ‘restaurant” and Google will deliver the result about the restaurant in and around Chennai.
Search includes some features that personalize results based on the activity in your Google account.
Key Takeaways – Google Search Engine Algorithm:
- Google search results are prioritized based on your location, so you should adjust that according to the topics you’re searching for.
- These tips will help you optimize your search habits so that you get the information you need each time.
- If you want to learn more about this I suggest reading this article ‘HOW DOES GOOGLE SEARCH ENGINE WORK’