What are the Key Components of Technical SEO?

What are the Key Components of Technical SEO?

Ashkar Gomez
11min read
Table of Contents

In today’s digital environment, having a visually appealing website with engaging content is no longer sufficient to ensure online success.

Every high-ranking website has a solid foundation of Technical SEO which is the essential aspect of Search Engine Optimization.

Technical SEO is the backbone of any successful SEO strategy to make sure the website is easily discoverable, simple to navigate and works well for both users and search engines. 

Without a robust Technical base, even the most engaging content may remain hidden in the depths of search engine results.

Also, Technical SEO makes sure that the website is not only crawlable and indexable by search engines but also offers the best possible user experience.

In this article, let’s explore the key components of Technical SEO which will improve the website’s visibility and drive organic traffic.

1.Website Speed Optimization

Technical SEO includes website speed optimization as one of its core elements for many compelling reasons.

Here are some reasons why optimizing your website speed is a key component of Technical SEO:

  • Websites that load quickly are given preference by search engines because they offer a better user experience.
  • A fast website lowers bounce rate by encouraging users to explore more pages and reduces the chance of them leaving prematurely.
  • Google has made it clear that one of its ranking factors is page speed. Websites with faster loading times tend to appear higher in Search Engine Results Pages (SERPs).
  • Websites that load faster facilitate a more seamless user experience, which raises the possibility of conversions like sales, sign-ups or other desired actions.
  • A website that loads quickly enables Search Engine bots to crawl and index more pages in the allotted time, ensuring that more of the content is indexed and ranked.
  • Faster websites are less likely to have crawling timeouts and errors, which can have an impact on rankings and indexing.
  • Quick websites have an advantage over slower ones in terms of traffic and user retention.
  • Customers will view websites that load quickly as trustworthy and professional, which will improve the brand’s reputation.

2.Mobile Optimization

Mobile optimization has emerged as a crucial component of technical SEO due to the rapid increase in mobile device usage and the shift towards mobile-first indexing by search engines. 

Here is why mobile optimization is essential:

  • Sites that are not mobile-friendly can see a significant drop in rankings. A responsive design ensures that the website adjusts flawlessly to different screen sizes offering a better user experience.
  • Sites that are optimized for mobile devices improve user navigation and quick information retrieval, which is essential for retaining visitors and lowering bounce rates.
  • Google performs mobile-first indexing, which means that when indexing and ranking a website, it first analyzes its mobile version.
  • Users are more likely to engage with content, conduct searches and make purchases on Mobile devices. Ignoring mobile optimization can result in losing a significant portion of potential audience.
  • For local businesses, it is essential that users are able to find your location, contact details, and directions on your website by making sure it is optimized for mobile devices.
  • Users can share your content more easily when it is optimized for mobile, which increases traffic and potential backlinks to the website.
  • Conversion rates can be directly impacted by mobile optimization. Simplifying the process of completing forms or making purchases on mobile devices can significantly increase sales and lead generation.

3.HTTPS and Site Security

When it comes to technical SEO, HTTPS and site security are essential for maintaining the credibility, performance and search engine rankings of the website.

Here is why they are key components of technical optimization:

  • Google’s ranking algorithm clearly gives preference to secure websites. Websites that use HTTPS may see a significant increase in search engine rankings over insecure websites.
  • Browser warnings about non-HTTPS websites frequently discourage users from visiting them. This may drastically lower site engagement and increase bounce rates.
  • Data exchanged between the website and the user’s browser is encrypted by HTTPS. This prevents malicious actors from stealing sensitive data such as login credentials, personal details and payment information.
  • Using HTTPS ensures that the website retains accurate referral data, which helps with improved traffic analysis and marketing tactics.
  • The data integrity is guaranteed by HTTPS, which makes sure that any data sent between the user and the website is unaltered and intact.
  • An effective optimization strategy is created by combining HTTPS with other technical SEO techniques. Better user experiences on secure websites can result in increased engagement, fewer bounce rates and higher conversion rates.
  • By differentiating the website from competitors who might not prioritize HTTPS helps to build stronger brand reputation.

4.Core Web Vitals

Core Web Vitals have emerged as an important component of technical SEO which concentrate on user experience metrics that Google considers essential for a healthy website. 

These metrics are significant because they directly impact how users perceive the performance and usability of the website.

Here is why Core Web Vitals are key components of technical SEO:

  • Core Web Vitals is an important part of Google’s Page Experience update. Sites that perform well on these metrics may see a rise in ranking, while those that don’t might experience a drop.
  • Core Web Vitals offers better User Experience with its three key elements as follows,

1.Loading (Largest Contentful Paint-LCP) – Faster loading times decrease bounce rates and improve user satisfaction.

2.Interactivity (First Input Delay-FID) – A quick response to user interactions is essential for retaining visitors.

3.Visual Stability (Cumulative Layout Shift-CLD) – Reducing unexpected shifts improves the overall user experience and prevents frustration.

  • When a website loads quickly and presents content with ease, users are less likely to leave, which extends their visit duration.
  • Websites that are more stable and faster typically convert better. Improving Core Web Vitals can have a direct impact on sales, sign-ups and other conversion goals by offering a seamless experience.
  • Enhancing Core Web Vitals often leads to more general technical improvements like improved code practices, optimized images and quicker resource loading.
  • Core Web Vitals provide precise and quantitative metrics that can be measured and improved. Actionable insights and recommendations are offered by tools like Google PageSpeed Insights and Search Console.

5.404 Error Handling

Technical SEO requires proper handling of 404 errors because they affect user experience, search engine crawling, indexing and general site health. 

Here is why handling 404 errors effectively is crucial:

  • A well-designed 404 error page with helpful navigation options can reduce frustration and keep users engaged on the site.
  • Every website has a crawl budget that search engines allot. If they repeatedly encounter 404 errors, the limited budget gets wasted reducing the efficiency of indexing the site’s valuable content.
  • When 404 pages are set up correctly, search engines identify them as genuine 404 errors rather than soft 404s, which can harm the reputation of the website and overfill the index with non-existent pages.
  • By routinely monitoring and responding to 404 errors, it helps to find and fix broken links and make sure that both internal and external links are functioning properly.
  • By promptly addressing broken links that lead to 404 errors, user retention can be improved and reduces bounce rates.
  • Monitoring 404 errors offers valuable insights into potential issues on the site like frequently mistyped URLs, broken links or content that users are attempting to view but are unable to access.
  • By analyzing how users reach 404 pages, navigational problems or content gaps can be identified. This helps to make informed improvements to the site structure and content strategy.
  • Recurrent 404 errors may have an adverse effect on the rankings by giving search engines a bad impression of the site’s reliability and user experience.

6.Crawl Budget Optimization

A crucial component of technical SEO is crawl budget optimization, which makes sure search engine bots can effectively crawl and index the website. 

Here is why optimizing the crawl budget is essential:

  • By managing the crawl budget, search engines focus on high-value pages, increasing the likelihood that these pages will be indexed and ranked.
  • Important pages might be unnoticed without optimization, particularly on larger sites, which could lead to incomplete indexation and missed ranking opportunities.
  • Efficient crawling eases the load on the server, ensuring both users and search engines will experience faster response times.
  • Managing crawl requests ensures uninterrupted search engine access to the website and prevents server load.
  • Tracking crawl activity makes it easier to find errors like redirects, server errors, and 404 pages. Fixing these problems enhances crawl efficiency and site health.
  • Resolving crawl errors improves user experience on the site by preventing users from hitting broken links or unavailable pages.
  • Large sites with thousands of pages require efficient management of the crawl budget to ensure deep pages are accessed and indexed
  • New or frequently updated content must be quickly crawled and indexed. Effective management of crawl budgets enables search engines to find and rank new content more quickly.


Technical SEO relies heavily on the robots.txt file since it directly affects how search engine bots navigate the website.

Robots.txt configuration done correctly can protect sensitive content, increase crawl efficiency and boost overall SEO performance.

The robots.txt file is crucial for the following reasons:

  • The robots.txt file informs search engine bots which parts of the site they can and cannot crawl. This helps to prioritize which pages get indexed and which do not.
  • Duplicate content problems that harm SEO can be avoided by using Robots.txt and prevents search engines from accessing duplicate content.
  • By directing bots away from low-value or redundant pages, robots.txt ensures that search engines spend their time and resources on the most important parts of the site.
  • For large websites with lots of content, managing crawl paths with robots.txt is essential to ensure that new and updated content is crawled and indexed efficiently.
  • Adding a sitemap directive in your robots.txt file helps search engines to locate the XML sitemap and ensure that all significant URLs are discovered and crawled consistently.

8.Structured Data & Schema Markup

Structured Data and Schema Markup are essential for technical SEO because they provide search engines with specific information about the content of the website 

It improves how search engines interpret and present the website in search results. 

They are essential component for the following reasons:

  • Structured Data helps search engines to create more enhanced indexes of the content leading to better visibility in search results.
  • When Structured data is implemented, search listings with rich snippets such as star ratings, prices and images get enhanced. These enhancements make the listings more attractive and informative, increasing the chances of user clicks.
  • Structured data helps to optimize the content for voice search by providing clear and concise information that voice assistants can easily interpret and utilize to answer user queries.
  • By enabling breadcrumb enhancements in search results, structured data can enhance site navigation by making it easier for users to understand and navigate the site’s structure.
  • Structured data helps search engines to discover and highlight content on websites that list products, events, or other particular categories of content in relevant search contexts.
  • Content for inclusion in featured snippets and knowledge graph panels are qualified by structured data which are prominent and highly visible search features that drive significant traffic.
  • By enabling search engines to display rich product results, schema markup for products and offers can improve the shopping experience and increase click-through rates and conversions.

9.Canonical Tags

In technical SEO, canonical tags are crucial for controlling duplicate content, guiding search engine bots and making sure link equity is distributed correctly.

Canonical tags are an essential component of a strong technical SEO strategy for the following reasons:

  • Canonical tags facilitate the specification of the “preferred” version of a page in situations where you have duplicate or similar content accessible via several URLs. By doing this, duplicate content problems that weaken ranking signals and confuse search engines are avoided.
  • SEO value of a primary page can be increased by combining duplicate pages into a single canonical URL. This way, all ranking signals, such as social shares and backlinks are attributed to the same page.
  • Canonical tags help search engine bots to clearly understand which page to index and display in search results. This ensures that search engines understand the content hierarchy and indexing preferences.
  • By pointing crawlers to the canonical version of a page, the crawl budget can be optimized and make sure search engines focus on the most important pages instead of wasting resources on duplicate content.
  • When canonical tags are used correctly, search engines are prevented from indexing duplicate content, which can cause content cannibalization.
  • In syndication scenarios, the original content maintaining its ranking benefits is ensured and prevents possible duplicate content penalties by correctly using canonical tags.
  •  For sites with content variations by language or region, canonical tags help to manage these variations and ensure the right version is indexed for the intended audience.
  • When multiple URLs point to the same or similar content, canonical tags help to consolidate link equity to a single preferred URL. This strengthens the overall authority and ranking potential of the canonical page.

10.Site Architecture and Navigation

Site architecture and navigation are the fundamental components of technical SEO that significantly influence how search engines and users interact with the website. 

Effective site architecture and user friendly navigation ensure that the content is easily discoverable which will improve crawlability and user experience. 

Here is why these components are Important:

  • Search engines can efficiently crawl and index the pages if the website is well-structured. Logical hierarchy and clear paths help bots to find and understand the content.
  • Organizing content in a logical, hierarchical order facilitates better navigation and content discovery by assisting users in understanding the connections between various pages.
  • Canonical tags are used in proper site architecture to ensure that search engines index the preferred version of a page and avoid duplicate content issues.
  • Better user engagement and higher conversion rates can result from the Strategic placement of CTAs within a well-structured site.
  • By grouping related content together, a silo structure can be implemented to improve topical relevance. This helps search engines understand the website’s thematic focus.
  • A well-structured site allows optimizing each page for specific keywords without overlapping or keyword cannibalization. This ensures that each page can rank for its intended keywords.
  • Effective internal linking improves the SEO performance of deeper pages and guarantees that all important content gets indexed by distributing page authority (link equity) throughout the website.


By focusing on these key components of technical SEO, the website performance can be enhanced, ensures better crawlability and indexability by search engines and ultimately improve the rankings and visibility in search results. 

A competitive and healthy website depends on regular audits and updates to the technical SEO practices.

By implementing these technical SEO tactics into practice, a solid foundation for the overall SEO efforts will be laid and helps to achieve long-term success in organic search.

Reserve our technical SEO services if you are still unable to find a solution.

Picture of Ashkar Gomez

Ashkar Gomez

Ashkar Gomez is the Founder of 7 Eagles (a Growth Marketing & SEO Company). Ashkar started his career as a Sales Rep in 2013 and later shifted his career to SEO in 2014. He is one of the leading SEO experts in the industry with 8+ years of experience. He has worked on 200+ projects across 20+ industries in the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, UAE, Australia, South Africa, and India. Besides SEO and Digital Marketing, he is passionate about Data Analytics, Personal Financial Planning, and Content Writing.

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